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- Statistics: Broadband
Regulatory Status of Internet over...
* Telecom but not a telecommunications service; the offering as a whole is considered a Title I Information Service.
Derived From: Broadband Internet Regulation and Access: Backbround Issues, CRS Report for Congress, Nov. 21, 2008 (copy acquired through wikileaks)
Broadband or high-speed Internet access is provided by a series of technologies that give users the ability to send and receive data at volumes and speeds far greater than Internet access over traditional telephone lines. Currently, a number of telecommunications companies are developing, installing, and marketing specific technologies and services to provide broadband access to the home. Meanwhile, the federal government — through Congress and the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) — is seeking to ensure fair competition among the players so that broadband will be available and affordable in a timely manner to all Americans who want it.
Broadband is being increasingly viewed as a vital public infrastructure, significant to the nation’s (and to individual regional, state, and local) economic growth and vitality. Broadband access, along with the content and services it enables, has the potential to transform the Internet — both what it offers and how it is used. For example, a two-way high speed connection could be used for interactive applications such as online classrooms, showrooms, or health clinics, where teacher and student (or customer and salesperson, doctor and patient) can see and hear each other through their computers. An “always on” connection could be used to monitor home security, home automation, or even patient health remotely through the Web. The high speed and high volume that broadband offers could also be used for bundled service where, for example, cable television, video on demand, voice, data, and other services are all offered over a single line. In truth, it is possible that many of the applications that will best exploit the technological capabilities of broadband, while also capturing the imagination of consumers, have yet to be developed.
There are multiple transmission media or technologies that can be used to provide broadband access. These include cable modem, an enhanced telephone service called digital subscriber line (DSL), satellite technology, fiber, mobile or fixed wireless technologies, and others. Cable and DSL are currently the most widely used technologies for providing broadband access. Both require the modification of an existing physical infrastructure that is already connected to the home (i.e., cable television and telephone lines). Each technology has its respective advantages and disadvantages, and competes with each other based on performance, price, quality of service, geography, user friendliness, and other factors. The following sections summarize cable, DSL, and other broadband technologies.
NBP Implementation Status:
Status of Deployment
"According to the latest FCC data on the deployment of high-speed Internet connections (released March 2008), as of June 30, 2007, there were 100.9 million high speed lines connecting homes and businesses to the Internet in the United States, a growth rate of 22% during the first half of 2007. Of the 100.9 million high speed lines reported by the FCC, 65.9 million serve residential users.3 While the broadband adoption rate stands at roughly 58% of U.S. households,4 broadband availability is much higher. As of June 30, 2007, the FCC found at least one high-speed subscriber in 99% of all zip codes in the United States. The FCC estimates that “roughly 20 percent of consumers with access to advanced telecommunications capability do subscribe to such services.” According to the FCC, possible reasons for the gap between broadband availability and subscribership include the lack of computers in some homes, price of broadband service, lack of content, and the availability of broadband at work.5"
"According to the International Telecommunications Union, the U.S. ranks 24th worldwide in broadband penetration (subscriptions per 100 inhabitants in 2007).6 Data from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) found the U.S. ranking 15th among OECD nations in broadband access per 100 inhabitants as of December 2007.7 By contrast, in 2001 an OECD study found the U.S. ranking 4th in broadband subscribership per 100 inhabitants (after Korea, Sweden, and Canada).8 While many argue that the U.S. declining performance in international broadband rankings is a cause for concern,9 others — including the Administration — maintain that the OECD and ITU data undercount U.S. broadband deployment,10 and that cross-country broadband deployment comparisons are not necessarily meaningful and inherently problematic.11 Finally, an issue related to international broadband rankings is the extent to which broadband speeds and prices differ between the U.S. and the rest of the world."
: Speeches, Press Releases, Hearings
|NTIA Broadband Inquiry|
|NTIA has requested comments on several broadband deployment issues, including supply and demand for broadband services and the technical, economic, or regulatory barriers to broadband deployment.||Comments Dec 18
Fed Reg Notice.
|CC Docket No. 01-337||Comments Due March 1
Replies Due April 22
|Ex Parte Period|
|Broadband and Dominant Provider Proceeding||Express Your Views! Comments can be filed with the FCC's Electronic Comment Filing System. FAQ: How to participate in FCC Proceedings.|
Don / Non Dom webpage
Fed Reg Notice 1/15/02
IN THE MATTER OF REVIEW OF REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS FOR INCUMENT LEC BROADBAND TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICES. Granted a limited extension so that parties may file reply comments on April 22, 2002. Action by: Deputy Chief, Common Carrier Bureau. Adopted: 03/22/2002 by ORDER. (DA No. 02-705). CCB , FCC 3/25/02
IN THE MATTER OF REVIEW OF REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS FOR INCUMBENT LEC BROADBAND TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICES. Comment Date 45 Days after publication in the Federal Register. Reply Comment Dates, 30 days after Comment Date. (Dkt No. 01-337). Action by: The Commission. Adopted: 12/12/2001 by NPRM. (FCC No. 01-360). CCB
FCC To Review Broadband Rules, ISP Planet 12/14/01
|Local Competition and Broadband Reporting, CC Docket No. 99-301|
Broadband Reporting Requirements Webpage
See Form 477 FAQ Do ISPs have to File?
Exparte Rules: This is a "permit-but-disclose" proceeding. You can voice your opinion but must file a written summary of your views with the FCC Secretary. See Ex Parte Fact Sheet ¶¶ 9-10.
Apr 17 FCC Data Collection Workshops. FCC, Wash D.C.
MATTER OF LOCAL COMPETITION AND BROADBAND REPORTING. Erratum to R&O
(FCC-00-114), released March 30, 2000. Action by Chief, Common
April 28, 2000. DATA COLLECTION WORKSHOP TO BE HELD ON MAY 1, 2000
SECOND WORKSHOP TO ASSIST CARRIERS IN COMPLYING WITH THE NEW LOCAL
FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION RELEASES DATA ON HIGH-SPEED SERVICES FOR INTERNET ACCESS. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) today released summary statistics of its latest data on the deployment of high-speed Internet services in the United States.. News Release. Adopted: 08/09/2001 CCB. Contact Michael Balmoris at 0253 Report | Press Release
U.S. Report Inspires Hot Debate over High-Speed Internet, Newsfactor 8/13/01
FCC: Broadband customers up 158 percent, CNET 8/10/01 High-speed Internet connections more numerous, FCC says, Nando 8/10/01 Broadband Use Skyrocketing - FCC, Newsfactor 8/10/01 FCC Reports 63 Percent Jump In Broadband Use, Washtech 8/10/01
See also| Broadband Deployment Statistics |Cable News | Wireless News |
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