Federal Internet Law & Policy
An Educational Project

Industry: Level3
Dont be a FOOL; The Law is Not DIY
- Backbone
- Aquired:
- - Genuity
- - Wiltel
- - Global Crossing
- - ICG
- Comcast / Level3 Intercon Dispute


Level 3 / Time Warner Telecom

 APPLICATIONS FILED FOR THE TRANSFER OF CONTROL OF TW TELECOM INC. TO  LEVEL 3 COMMUNICATIONS, INC.   Granted the Applications to transfer control of domestic and international section 214 authorizations and the cable landing license. (Dkt No.  14-104 ). Action by:  Chief, Wireline Competition Bureau and Chief, International Bureau. Adopted:  10/24/2014 by MO&O. (DA No. 14-1543).  WCB

  • FCC: Comment Sought on Transfer of Control of TWT to Level 3, July 18, 2014
  • Level 3 Buys TWT, Tech Caliber, June 16, 2014
  • Level 3 Acquisition of Global Crossing 2011



    Level 3 / AT&T Dispute

    Level 3 / Comcast Dispute 2010

  • Starting at minute 1:51
  • February 16, 2011, House Commerce Committee, Subcommittee on Communications and Technology, Network Neutrality and Internet Regulation: Warranted or More Economic Harm than Good? (Level3/Comcast Peering Dispute was raised as an issue)
  • Preliminary Transcript pdf
  • Mrs. {Blackburn.} Excellent. Thank you. Okay. Let us talk about peering and interconnectivity. We know that these arrangements have never been regulated, and the FCC net neutrality order says that the rules do not cover peering. So Mr. Chairman, do you believe the Commission's new net neutrality order and its underlying rules govern the level 3 Comcast dispute?
  • Mr. {Genachowski.} Well, you said the order says that it doesn't change anything with respect to existing peering arrangements. It applies to Internet access service provided to consumers and small businesses. You are referring to a dispute that is occurring outside the Commission, a commercial dispute. I hope those parties settle it and resolve it but it is not something that we have facts and data on. I do think the order speaks for itself in the way that you suggest.
  • Mrs. {Blackburn.} All right. Commissioner McDowell, do you believe the FCC has the authority it is claim to govern interconnectivity agreements?
  • Mr. {McDowell.} Peering?
  • Mrs. {Blackburn.} Yes.
  • Mr. {McDowell.} No, ma'am.
  • Papers
  • Daniel L. Brenner and Winston Maxwell, The Network Neutrality and the Netflix Dispute: Upcoming Challenges for Content Providers in Europe and the United States , 23 INTELL. PROP. & TECH. L.J. 3 (March 2011).
  • Gregory Rose, The Economics of Internet Interconnection: Insights from the Comcast-Level3 Dispute (March 28, 2011) ("An examination of the circumstances of the Level3/Comcast dispute and comparison with the previous Level3/Cogent dispute casts doubt on the validity of the “bill-and-keep” model for internet traffic, and suggests that the “two-sided market” or “n-sided market” analysis more closely models the existing market structure. Using two-sided market analysis, it appears that while there is the potential for the market to resolve issues without regulatory intervention, there is also the potential for substantial anti-consumer outcomes in the absence of regulation.")
  • News
  • Matthew Lasar, Peers or Not? Comcast and Level 3 Slug It Out at FCC’s Doorstep, WIRED (Feb. 17, 2011).
  • Amy Schatz, “ FCC Chairman: Net Neutrality Rules Don't Cover Comcast - Level 3 Dispute,” Wall Street Journal , February 16, 2011
  • What Does it Mean to be a "Peer"?, AT&T Policy Blog, Dec. 10, 2010
  • Marquerite Reardon, Level 3 Pushes for Comcast-NBC Merger Conditions, CNET Dec. 17, 2010 ("On Thursday evening, Level 3 sent a letter to the Federal Communications Commission and U.S. Department of Justice, asking the agencies to impose conditions on Comcast's impending merger that would require Comcast to allow Level 3 and other Internet backbone providers to interconnect their networks with Comcast's network for free. The company also asked that Comcast be required to connect to Internet backbone providers "on nondiscriminatory, fair, and reasonable terms (in any event no less advantageous than the terms effectively provided to its affiliates)."")
  • Newsflash: It’s Not Really Louder Just Because It Goes to Eleven, AT&T Policy Blog (Dec. 2, 2010) (contrasting the Level 3 / Comcast dispute to the Level 3 / Cogent dispute).
  • Adam Rothchild, Peering Disputes: Comcast, Level 3 and You, Voxel (Dec. 2, 2010) (“In the other corner, we have the financially-challenged Level 3, who’s re-invented itself once again (as seems to happen once a year), shifting a lot of sales focus from wholesale IP transit and infrastructure to CDN. ”)
  • Steve Schultze, Trying to Make Sense of the Comcast / Level 3 Dispute, Freedom to Tinker (Dec. 2, 2010)
  • Nate Anderson, Comcast: We bent over backwards to help Level 3 (those bastards), ars technica Dec. 1, 2010
  • Daniel Golding, The Real Story Behind the Comcast Level 3 Battle, Gigaom Dec. 1, 2010
  • Spencer E. Ante, Amy Schwartz, Web-Traffic Spat Over Netflix Highlights New Tensions, WSJ (Nov. 30, 2010)
  • Susan Crawford, Bad Timing: Comcast, Netflix, NN, Cable Modems, and NBCU, Susan Crawford The Blog (Nov. 29, 2010) ("The takeaway from today:  No market forces are constraining Comcast – or any of the other major cable distributors, none of which compete with each other.  ")
  • Cecilia Kang, Level 3 Communications Calls Comcast Fees for Netflix Feeds Unfair, Wash. Post, Nov. 29, 2010
  • Brian Stelter, Netflix Partner Says Comcast 'Toll' Threatens Online Video Delivery, The New York Times, Nov. 29, 2010
  • Level 3 / Cogent Peering Dispute


    Content Delivery Network




  • Level 3 To Buy WilTel, Network Pipeline 11/4/2005
  • Level 3 To Power EBay, Internet News 2/7/03
  • Verizon's Motion to Remove Merger Conditions Relating to Genuity - CC Docket No. 98-184., FCC 12/4/02
  • Level 3 Picks Up Genuity, ISP Planet 12/2/02
  • Genuity files for bankruptcy protection, CNET 12/2/02
  • Is Level 3 Interested In Williams?, Internet News 7/26/02
  • Level 3 Makes Play For Williams, Internet News 7/24/02
  • Level 3 makes $1.1 billion bid, CNET 7/24/02
  • Vision or folly? (Level3), CNET 6/17/02
  • Level 3: No plans for bankruptcy, CNET 2/1/02
  • Level 3 slammed by slack demand, CNET 1/30/02
  • Level 3 Pens Deal With Sony Digital, INews 1/2/02
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