E-Government / Info Law
- EGovt Act
- - Privacy Act
- - Privacy Protection Act
- - FISMA
- - PKI
- Sec. 508
- Archives & Libraries
- Fed Employee AUP
- Congressional Net Rules
The Federal government is a large unwieldy beast with a vast number of federal agencies and offices. The degree to which an agency has effectively entered the Information era can vary significantly from one office to the next. Some websites are excellent and have revolutionized the way that the government operates; other offices have reluctantly entered the Information Age by hurling up a smattering of assorted information in a variety of disparate and useless ways.
The eGovernment Act of 2002 was passed in order to bring a degree of order to the cacophony through the establishment of the Office of Electronic Government, residing in the Office of Management and Budget in the White House. The eGovernment Act directs the Office of Electronic Government to
- Upgrade and standardize federal websites; share best practice, coordinate information policy, standards, protocols, procurement and funding.
- Annually report to Congress on agencies progress in implementing egovernment initiatives.
- Support central federal portals such as Firstgov.gov, regulations.gov, grants.gov and govbenefits.gov.
- Codifies (puts into law) support for the Federal CIO Council.
- Improve Federal privacy practices through the requirement of Privacy Impact Statements and the posting of privacy policies on federal websites (See Privacy and the Feds).
The eGovernment Act also delineates responsibilities to different federal entities such as FEDCIRC for network security.
RFC: The White House is collecting comments until July 21, 2009 on how to improve Regulations.Gov. See Regulations.Gov Exchange
Vivek Kundra, our Chief Information Officer, and Beth Noveck,
Deputy Chief Technology Officer for Open Government, explain the Open Government Initiative.
- The E-Government Act of 2002
- P.L. 107-347 E-Government Act of 2002
- President's E Government Initiatives Website
- President Signs E-Government Act - Statement by the President
- EGov Act Summary
- EGov Strategy
- Federal CIO Council
- E-Government Strategy, Implementing the President’s Management Agenda for E-Government (907k)
- Senate Committee on Government Affairs: Outline of "E-Government Act of 2001"
- USDA eGovernment Newsletter: President Signs Egov Act of 2002
- USDA Powerpoint summary
- eGovernment Resource Center Australia on US eGovernment Act (large collection of articles re legislative history)
US Open Government National Action Plan
On September 20, 2011, on the margins of the U.N. General Assembly, the President announced the U.S. Open Government National Action Plan . The Plan was developed through a process that involved extensive consultations with external stakeholders, including a broad range of civil society groups and members of the private sector, to gather ideas on open government. As we continue our work to implement the National Action Plan, we want your help. Specifically, we'd like your input and recommendations on how to improve and help facilitate public participation - your participation - in government.
The United States committed to undertake 26 Open Government initiatives in the National Action Plan, and we are working to implement each of them now. For example, the White House recently announced that Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar will be the senior U.S. official to lead implementation of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative, an effort to ensure that taxpayers receive every dollar due for extraction of our natural resources. A major milestone was also reached in the development of an open government platform that will enable governments around the world to stand up their own open government data sites. And just last week, the President fulfilled a commitment made in the National Action Plan to begin a government-wide effort to reform and modernize records management policies and practices.
We are now requesting your assistance with one of the initiatives in the U.S. National Action Plan designed to promote public participation:
Develop Best Practices and Metrics for Public Participation . We will identify best practices for public participation in government and suggest metrics that will allow agencies to assess progress toward the goal of becoming more participatory. This effort will highlight those agencies that have incorporated the most useful and robust forms of public participation in order to encourage other agencies to learn from their examples."
Given the focus of this initiative, we thought it would be most appropriate to invite you to provide input and ideas on best practices and metrics for public participation, including but not limited to suggestions and recommendations that address the following questions:
- What are the appropriate measures for tracking and evaluating participation efforts in agency Open Government Plans?
- What should be the minimum standard of good participation?
- How should participation activities be compared across agencies with different programs, amounts of regulatory activity, budgets, staff sizes, etc.?
- What are the most effective forms of technology and web tools to encourage public participation, engage with the private sector/non-profit and academic communities, and provide the public with greater and more meaningful opportunities to influence agencies' plans?
- What are possible mechanisms for agencies to increase the level of diversity of viewpoints and backgrounds brought to bear in their activities and decisions?
- What are the most effective strategies for ensuring that participation is well-informed?
- What are some examples of success stories involving strong public participation, as well as less-than-successful efforts, and what lessons can be drawn from them?
- Information Policy, IT & E-Gov
- The White House, Digital Government: Building a 21st Century Platform to Better Serve the American People. May 23, 2012.
- In addition, OMB's Memorandum , M-06-02, Improving Public Access to and Dissemination of Government Information and Using the Federal Enterprise Architecture Data Reference Model says: "when disseminating information to the public-at-large, publish your information directly to the Internet. This procedure exposes information to freely available and other search functions and adequately organizes and categorizes your information. This memorandum assumes that your robots.txt file is allowing search engines to crawl your site. If you are disallowing search engine crawlers, you are not exposing information to search engines, and therefore not complying with this guidance."
- The White House, Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies: Transparency and Open Government (Washington, D.C.: Jan. 21, 2009).(endorsing use of social media)
- Presidential Memo: Electronic Government (December 17, 1999)
- Streamline Authentication and Identity Management (July 3, 2003) (95k)
- M-03-22 OMB Guidance for Implementing the Privacy Provisions of the EGovernment Act of 2002
- Executive Memo M-00-13 Privacy Policies and Data Collection on Federal Web Sites June 22, 2000.
- M-99-18 Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies: Privacy Policies on Federal Websites June 2, 1999
- Memoranda M-00-13 MEMORANDUM FOR THE HEADS OF EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS AND AGENCIES SUBJECT: Privacy Policies and Data Collection on Federal Web Sites (June 22, 2000) ("The purpose of this memorandum is to remind you that each agency is required by law and policy to establish clear privacy policies for its web activities and to comply with those policies. ")
- CIRCULAR NO. A-130 MEMORANDUM FOR HEADS OF EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS AND ESTABLISHMENTS SUBJECT: Management of Federal Information Resources (February 8, 1996 ) (This Circular establishes policy for the management of Federal information resources. Procedural and analytic guidelines for implementing specific aspects of these policies are included as appendices.) Directs agencies to "use electronic media and formats, including public networks, as appropriate and within budgetary constraint, in order to make government information more easily accessible and useful to the public)"
- EO 13011 Federal Information Technology, July 16, 1996
Office of Science and Technology Policy
"The Office of Science and Technology Policy advises the President on the effects of science and technology on domestic and international affairs. The office serves as a source of scientific and technological analysis and judgment for the President with respect to major policies, plans and programs of the Federal Government. OSTP leads an interagency effort to develop and implement sound science and technology policies and budgets. The office works with the private sector to ensure Federal investments in science and technology contribute to economic prosperity, environmental quality, and national security. "
The National Science and Technology Council (NSTC) was established by Executive Order on November 23, 1993. This Cabinet-level Council is the principal means within the executive branch to coordinate science and technology policy across the diverse entities that make up the Federal research and development enterprise
On September 30, 2001, Executive Order 13226 formed the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST). PCAST was originally established in 1990 to enable the President to receive advice from the private sector and academic community on technology, scientific research priorities, and math and science education. See Federal Advisory Council Act.
PCAST RELEASES FIRST REPORT ON NANOTECHNOLOGY R&D, OSTP 5/21/2005 PCAST June 29, 2004, Meeting Agenda and Registration, OSTP 6/17/2004 June 12, 2002 meeting For more information on PCAST, please contact the Executive Director, Stan Sokul, at 456-6070 or firstname.lastname@example.org. "On November 23, 1993, President Clinton established by Executive Order 12882 the President's Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST). The responsibilities of PCAST are as follows:
To advise the President on issues involving science and technology and their roles in achieving national goals.
To assist the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC) in securing private sector participation in its activities.
"PCAST consists of 19 members, one of whom is the Assistant to the President on Science and Technology, and 18 of whom are distinguished individuals from non-Federal sectors. The President appoints all members. PCAST members have established track records of significant achievement and are representative of the diverse perspectives and expertise in the U.S. science and technology establishment.
"PCAST advises the President through the Assistant to the President for Science and Technology. The Committee also serves as a formal channel for private sector advice to NSTC. NSTC is a cabinet-level council chaired by the President that coordinates research and development policies and activities across federal agencies. PCAST ensures that the private sector perspective is included in that policy-making process.
"The Committee reports to the President through the Assistant to the President for Science and Technology, with its term expiring on September 30, 1999 (Executive Order 13062, section 1(g)). PCAST will meet at such times as the President and Assistant to the President for Science and Technology deem appropriate. " Source OSTP Factsheet
President's Information Technology Advisory Committee
"The President’s Information Technology Advisory Committee (PITAC) is appointed by the President to provide independent expert advice on maintaining America’s preeminence in advanced information technology (IT). PITAC members are IT leaders in industry and academia with expertise relevant to critical elements of the national IT infrastructure such as high-performance computing, large-scale networking, and high-assurance software and systems design. The Committee’s studies help guide the Administration’s efforts to accelerate the development and adoption of information technologies vital for American prosperity in the 21st century.
"Chartered by Congress under the High-Performance Computing Act of 1991 (Public Law 102-194 ) and the Next Generation Internet Act of 1998 (Public Law 105-305) and formally renewed through Presidential Executive Orders, PITAC is a Fderally chartered advisory committee operating under the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA) (Public Law 92-463) and other Federal laws governing such activities."
-- CyberSecurity: A Crisis of Prioritization, Report to the President (Feb. 2005)
"In June 2010, OMB issued guidance to federal agencies for protecting privacy when using Web-based technologies (such as social media).11 The guidance built upon the protections and requirements outlined in the Privacy Act and E-Government Act and called for agencies to develop transparent privacy policies and notices to ensure that agencies provide adequate notice of their use of social media services to the public, and to analyze privacy implications whenever federal agencies choose to use such technologies to engage with the public." [GAO Social Media p 6]
- Office of Management and Budget, Memorandum M-10-23: Guidance for Agency Use of Third-Party Websites and Applications (Washington, D.C.: June 25, 2010).
- National Archives and Records Administration, Bulletin 2011-02: Guidance on Managing Records in Web 2.0/Social Media Platforms (College Park, Md.: Oct. 20, 2010).
- The White House, Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies: Transparency and Open Government (Washington, D.C.: Jan. 21, 2009).(endorsing use of social media)
- Social Media: Federal Agencies Need Policies and Procedures for Managing and Protecting Information They Access and Disseminate, GAO-11-605 June 2011 ~
- Government Continues Building Private Net, IDG 11/28/01
- US plan for secure internet 'flawed', BBC 10/18/01
- 'GovNet' idea gaining new momentum after Sept. 11 attacks, CW 10/12/01
- White House Seeks Government Computer Network, AP 10/12/0
© Cybertelecom ::
- Broadband's Impact on Citizen Engagement, Pew Internet, August 19, 2009
- Cary Coglianese, E-Rulemaking: Information Technology and the Regulatory Process, Harvard Working Paper 2004
- Elena Larsen , Old and New Channels: Traditional Communications Practices and the Development of E-Government, TPRC 9/13/03
- Cary Coglianese, The Internet and Public Participation in Rulemaking, Harvard Working Paper 2003
- Jane E. Fountain, Information, Institutions and Governance: Advancing a Basic Social Science Research Program for Digital Government, Harvard Working Paper 2003
- Jane E. Fountain, Electronic Government and Electronic Civics, Harvard Working Paper, 2003
- 2003-09-15 ES, Valencia - Summit on e-Government - paving the way to 2010, eforum 9/5/03
- Paper: Cary Coglianese, The Internet and Public Participation in Rulemaking, SSRN 7/18/03
- Open Government and the National Plan, White House 8/10/2011
- White House Names a New Chief of Information Technology, NYT 8/5/2011
- Former Microsoft exec, Obama donor named new U.S. CIO, CW 8/5/2011
- Obama's CIO quits, CW 6/17/2011
- WhiteHouse.gov to Track Users for Two Years, EPIC 6/9/2011
- Emerging Trends in E-Government, Pew 5/9/2011
- What We Lose if We Lose Data.gov, Freedom to Tinker 4/8/2011
- Feds prep for e-gov shutdown, CW 4/8/2011
- Study Suggests That The Internet Makes Youth 'More Engaged Citizens', Techdirt 3/17/2011
- Citizens turning to Internet for government data, policy and services, Pew 4/28/2010
- The White House Open Government Dashboard: Seeking Your Input, OSTP 12/17/2009
- 'Lost' Bush e-mail settlement requires that White House reveal IT practices, CW 12/15/2009
- Why an Open Government Matters, OSTP 12/10/2009
- White House Releases Open Government Directive, EPIC 12/10/2009
- In Congress, a call to review internal cybersecurity policies, Wash Post 11/4/2009
- Will security concerns darken Google's government cloud?, CW 9/17/2009
- U.S. Government Taps the Cloud to Fix IT Bureaucracy, Gigaom 9/17/2009
- US Courts Now Say RECAP Is Fine, Techdirt 8/27/2009
- Federal Courts Sound The Alarm Against RECAP; Worried About PACER Profits, Techdirt 8/25/2009
- Introducing RECAP: Turning PACER Around, Freedom to Tinker 8/18/2009
- Data From Public Consultation on Open Government, OSTP 8/11/2009
- Government advice urges tweeting, BBC 7/27/2009
- Government Launches Web Site to Track IT Spending, Wash Post 7/2/2009
- Extension of Phase III: Drafting of Open Government Recommendations, OSTP 6/30/2009
- Enhancing Citizen Participation in Decision-Making, OSTP 6/11/2009
- Wrap-Up of the Open Government Brainstorming: Transparency, OSTP 6/5/2009
- Senate Opening Up? Offers Up Vote Data In XML Format, Techdirt 5/7/2009
- Congressional Rep. Webcasts Hearing With Supreme Court Justices To Show How Easy It Is, Tech dirt 4/28/2009
- President Obama Announces Members of Science and Technology Advisory Council, OSTP 4/28/2009
- Aneesh Chopra as Chief Technology Officer, Google 4/21/2009
- Obama's New CTO Will Be Innovation Ambassador, PK 4/21/2009
- The case against PACER: tearing down the courts' paywall, Ars Technica 4/9/2009
- NIST Launches YouTube Channel, NIST 4/9/2009
- Obama Moving Appointments Along in Telecom - Strickling Named, Genachowski & Adelstein Like..., Tales from the Sausage Factory 3/31/2009
- Holdren Confirmed as Director of OSTP, OSTP 3/24/2009
- Obama names D.C. official as federal CIO, CNET 3/5/2009
- Obama Team Finds It Hard to Adapt Its Web Savvy to Government, Wash Post 3/3/2009
- CRS Reports 'Set Free' by Wikileaks, CDT 2/10/2009
- White House: C is for cookie, it's good enough for YouTube, Ars Technica 1/29/2009
- Obama's Quick Response to Privacy Concerns, EFF 1/27/2009
- WhiteHouse.gov Root Password Handed Over to Obama Administration, Website Relaunched, CircleID 1/21/2009
- White House Web Site Now 'Crawler' Friendly, CDT 1/21/2009
- On Day One, Obama Demands Open Government, EFF 1/21/2009
- Bush White House Ordered to Preserve E-mails, Internet News 1/15/2009
- Policy Hacking the Obama Administration: Wiki White House Event., Sascha 12/23/2008
- Google D.C. Talk next week: Opening government to citizen participation, Google 12/5/2008
- White House 2.0-Barack Obama and Technology, IPDI 11/20/2008
- Judge Rules Against White House in E-Mail Case, NYT 11/13/2008
- Congressmen finally allowed on YouTube, CNET 10/8/2008
- House website overwhelmed, Globe and Mail 9/30/2008
- Senate boldly advances to 2005 with updated Web linking rules, Ars Technica 9/25/2008
- Senate Passes E-Government Act Reauthorization, CDT 9/18/2008
- Can Congress tweet? Should bloggers care?, Tech Liberation Front 7/28/2008
- White House loses e-mail during 'upgrade,' gets sued, CNET 5/1/2008
- George W. Bush's Lost Emails, Tech Liberation Front 5/1/2008
- FBI Probe, More Scrutiny Sought Over White House E-mail, Internet News 3/13/2008
- Pentagon bans Google from map making on bases, Globe and Mail 3/10/2008
- White House Realizes That Outlawing P2P No Excuse For Gov't Employee Stupidity, Techdirt 2/15/2008
- Survey: More government workers can telecommute, CW 2/19/2008
- White House Admits Erasing Backed-Up E-Mail, Ecommerce Times 1/17/2008
- Federal Judge Orders White House to Report on Missing E-Mails, Ecommerce Times 1/11/2008
- Feds use robots.txt files to stay invisible online. Lame., CNET 8/28/2007
- Groups Urge Lawmakers to Make CRS Reports Available Online, CDT 3/30/2007
- Public Less Satisfied With Government Web Sites, Wash Post 3/21/2007
- The Web cookie is crumbling – and marketers feel the fallout, Globe and Mail 7/22/2005
- The State of eGov Sites, emarketer 6/15/2005
- E-government on agenda of most European cities, Silicon Republic 5/3/2005
- Bush: The E-Mail Stops Here, Wash Post 4/15/2005
- George Bush fears email privacy breach, Register 4/15/2005
- Citizens not using e-gov, prefer telephone, DMEurope 4/8/2005
- Senate would keep e-gov at $5M, FCW 10/27/2003
- House cuts Pentagon's planned IT budget, CW 7/11/03
- Interior Ordered to Disconnect from Web, Internet News 6/30/03
- Errors Rampant on Gov't Sites, Cyberatlas 6/24/03
- Probe finds 'significant misuse' Internet at IRS, CNN 6/20/03
- USDA launches online grocery, FCW 6/20/03
- House Panel Approves Deep E-Gov Funding Cuts, Internet News 7/28/03
- White House e-mail system becomes less user-friendly, CNET 7/18/03
- Commerce issues plan to reorganize technology agencies, Govexec 7/18/03
- How a Web Site May Revolutionize Politics, ABC 4/21/03
- U.S. ushers in e-government, CNET 4/21/03
- E-government office set up in White House, Mercury 4/17/03
- White House Site Debuts New Chat Feature, USA Today 4/17/03
- Americans Split On 'E- Government', Wash Post 4/14/03
- Hi-Tech Community Salutes President's E-Gov Initiatives, WH 4/11/03
- U.S. Gets E-gov Bronze, FCW 4/9/03
- E-Government: Strategies for Community Technology, CTCNet 4/7/03
- State and Federal E-Government in the United States, 2002, Inside 4/7/03
- Building Better e-Government: Tools for Transformation, nga 4/7/03
- Briefing Book Outline: e-Government, Internet Caucus 4/7/03
- National Archives go online (partly), MSNBC 4/7/03
- Government Technology, GovTech 4/6/03
- Center for Digital Government, Center 4/6/03
- AOL's Government Guide, AOL 4/6/03
- An Unseemly 60 Day Rule contact: Ari Schwartz, CDT 4/6/03
- New e-gov plan due this month, FCW 4/4/03
- Sprint preps 'government-grade' net, FCW 4/1/03
- Sprint to construct private Internet for gov't agencies, NWFusion 4/1/03
- Senators Seek E-Gov Bill Refund, Internet News 1/29/03
- Congress To Slash E-Gov Funding, Internet News 1/24/03
- U.S. Opens Portal To Rulemaking, Wash Post 1/24/03
- The Federal Register Tutorial, Archive.gov 1/24/03
- Gov't site pulls Web documents, CNET 1/3/03
- Global Survey Egov, UNPAN 12/18/02
- E-Gov Agenda Takes Shape, FCW 12/2/02
- E-Government Act Passes Congress, CDT 11/25/02
- Net users flock to US government websites, NUA 11/25/02
- Net activism offers lessons for ministers, BBC 11/20/02
- Government agency pulls Web site, CNET 11/20/02
- Davis Amends E-Gov Bill, FCW 10/3/02
- Senate gets ready to stream hearings, CNET 10/3/02
- Post-9/11, Web sites 'sanitized', CNN 9/10/02
- Americans back taking data off Net, MSNBC 9/6/02
- Web site to put gov't rules under one roof, CNET 5/10/02
- Nearly 60% of online Americans use govt. sites, USA Today 4/3/02
- Feds Info Policy Evolving, fcw 3/27/02
- Government To Scrub 'Sensitive' Web Info, Reuters 3/21/02
- White House Orders Agencies To Purge Data From Web Sites, Wash Tech 3/21/02
- E-Data Internet: Majority Of Adult Internet Users Access Government Web Sites - National Survey Finds Web Becoming Key Tool For Government, ITAA 1/18/02
- GovNet Decision Nears, FCW 1/24/02
- Bush Hires First CTO, FCW 1/11/02
- FirstGov To Undergo Overhaul, FCW 12/10/01
- Electronic government slow to take off, BBC 12/5/01
- Feds Remove Information From Web Sites, AP 10/26/01
- Site security: Sensitive info hidden, CNN 10/26/01
- Agencies censor sites deemed useful to terrorists, USAToday 10/12/01
- White House plans secure net, CNEWS 10/12/01
- Agencies Remove Info From Web Sites, AP 10/12/01