© Cybertelecom ::
"Washington, D.C. - The right of consumers to keep the same, familiar phone number when switching to a new telephone company was expanded today by the Federal Communications Commission , in an Order that will further ensure consumers' opportunity to choose a telephone service provider based on quality, price and service.
"The FCC made clear that the obligation to provide local number portability extends to interconnected Voice over Internet Protocol providers and the telecommunications carriers that obtain numbers for them. This action was, in part, a response to numerous complaints by consumers about their inability to port numbers to or from interconnected VoIP providers. The FCC also initiated a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking seeking comment on additional VoIP numbering issues.
"The FCC also clarified in its Order that telephone companies may not obstruct or delay number porting by demanding excess information from the customer's new provider, and specifically concluded that LNP validation for a simple number port should be based on no more than four fields: (1) 10-digit telephone number; (2) customer account number; (3) 5-digit zip code; and (4) pass code, if applicable. In its Notice, the FCC also tentatively concluded that it should require the industry to complete simple ports in 48 hours.
Telephone Number Requirements for IP-Enabled Services Providers; Local Number Portability Porting Interval and Validation Requirements; IP-Enabled Services; Telephone Number Portability; Numbering Resource Optimization, WC Docket Nos. 07-243, 07-244, 04-36, CC Docket Nos. 95-116, 99-200, Report and Order, Declaratory Ruling, Order on Remand, and Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, 22 FCC Rcd 19531 (2007) (VoIP LNP Order), aff’d sub nom. National Telecomms. Cooperative Ass’n v. FCC (D.C. Cir. Apr. 28, 2009)
10/31/07 FCC Expands Local Number Portability to VoIP.
News Release: Word | Acrobat
Martin Statement: Word | Acrobat
Copps Statement: Word | Acrobat
Adelstein Statement: Word | Acrobat
Tate Statement: Word | Acrobat
McDowell Statement: Word | Acrobat
TELEPHONE NUMBER REQUIREMENTS FOR IP-ENABLED SERVICES PROVIDERS. The Commission took a series of steps designed to ensure that consumers benefit from local number portability (LNP). (Dkt No. 95-116, 04-36 , 07-243). Action by: the Commission. Adopted: 10/31/2007 by R&O. (FCC No. 07-188). WCB (Released November 8, 2007) FCC-07-188A1.doc FCC-07-188A2.doc FCC-07-188A3.doc FCC-07-188A4.doc FCC-07-188A5.doc FCC-07-188A6.doc FCC-07-188A1.pdf FCC-07-188A2.pdf FCC-07-188A3.pdf FCC-07-188A4.pdf FCC-07-188A5.pdf FCC-07-188A6.pdf FCC-07-188A1.txt FCC-07-188A2.txt FCC-07-188A3.txt FCC-07-188A4.txt FCC-07-188A5.txt FCC-07-188A6.txt
Fed Reg Vol 73 No 35 p 9463 (Feb. 21, 2008) Comments Due Mar 24 Replies Due Apr 21, 2008
Laws and Regulations
- 47 U.S.C. § 251(e)(1).
- 47 C.F.R. § 52.5(c).
- 47 CFR §§ 52.12, 52.16, 52.17, 52.21, 52.23, 52.32, 52.33, 52.34
- § 52.34 Obligations regarding local number porting to and from interconnected VoIP providers.
(a) An interconnected VoIP provider must facilitate an end-user customer's valid number portability request, as it is defined in this subpart, either to or from a telecommunications carrier or another interconnected VoIP provider. "Facilitate" is defined as the interconnected VoIP providers' affirmative legal obligation to take all steps necessary to initiate or allow a port-in or port-out itself or through the telecommunications carriers, if any, that it relies on to obtain numbering resources, subject to a valid port request, without unreasonable delay or unreasonable procedures that have the effect of delaying or denying porting of the NANP-based telephone number.
(b) An interconnected VoIP provider may not enter into any agreement that would prohibit an end-user customer from porting between interconnected VoIP providers, or to or from a telecommunications carrier.
Access to Number Resource
- NUMBERING POLICIES FOR MODERN COMMUNICATIONS, IP-ENABLED SERVICES, AND TELEPHONE NUMBER REQUIREMENTS FOR IP-ENABLED SERVICES PROVIDERS ET AL. Established process to authorize interconnected VoIP providers to obtain telephone numbers directly from Numbering Administrators, rather than through intermediaries; set forth conditions to minimize number exhaust, preserve integrity of numbering system. (Dkt No. 01-92 10-90 95-116 07-243 13-97 04-36 99-200 ). Action by: the Commission. Adopted: 06/18/2015 by R&O. (FCC No. 15-70). WCB https://apps.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/FCC-15-70A1.docx https://apps.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/FCC-15-70A2.docx https://apps.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/FCC-15-70A3.docx https://apps.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/FCC-15-70A4.docx https://apps.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/FCC-15-70A5.docx https://apps.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/FCC-15-70A6.docx https://apps.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/FCC-15-70A1.pdf https://apps.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/FCC-15-70A2.pdf https://apps.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/FCC-15-70A3.pdf https://apps.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/FCC-15-70A4.pdf https://apps.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/FCC-15-70A5.pdf https://apps.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/FCC-15-70A6.pdf
- Released: 03/31/2016. INTERCONNECTED VOIP NUMBERING AUTHORIZATION GRANTED TO VONAGE HOLDINGS CORP. (DA No. 16-342). (Dkt No 16-49 ). WCB. https://apps.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DA-16-342A1.docx
- Released: 02/29/2016. INTERCONNECTED VOIP NUMBERING AUTHORIZATION APPLICATION FILED BY VONAGE HOLDINGS CORP. PURSUANT TO SECTION 52.15(G)(3) OF THE COMMISSION'S RULES. (DA No. 16-218). (Dkt No 16-49 ) STREAMLINED PLEADING CYCLE ESTABLISHED. Comments Due: 03/15/2016. WCB . https://apps.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DA-16-218A1.docx
- Released: 02/04/2016. WIRELINE COMPETITION BUREAU ANNOUNCES COMMENCEMENT DATE AND PROCESS FOR INTERCONNECTED VOIP PROVIDERS TO FILE APPLICATIONS FOR AUTHORIZATION TO OBTAIN TELEPHONE NUMBERS. (DA No. 16-129). (Dkt No 01-92 10-90 95-116 07-243 13-97 04-36 99-200 ). WCB . https://apps.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DA-16-129A1.docx
- NUMBERING POLICIES FOR MODERN COMMUNICATIONS; IP-ENABLED SERVICES; TELEPHONE NUMBER REQUIREMENTS FOR IP-ENABLED SERVICE PROVIDERS; TELEPHONE NUMBER PORTABILITY; DEVELOPING A UNIFIED INTERCARRIER COMPENSATION REGIME; CONNECT AMERICA FUND,ET AL. Issued Report of a six-month technical trial in which interconnected Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) providers were permitted to reserve telephone numbers for their end users directly from the numbering administrators. (Dkt No. 13-97 10-90 04-36 01-92 99-200 07-243 95-116 ). Action by: Chief, Wireline Competition Bureau. Comments Due: 03/03/2014. Adopted: 01/31/2014 by REPORT. (DA No. 14-118). WCB TXT
- Released: 05/23/2013. FCC RECEIVES PROPOSALS FROM INTERCONNECTED VOIP PROVIDERS TO PARTICIPATE IN NUMBERING TRIAL FOR DIRECT ACCESS TO TELEPHONE NUMBERS. (DA No. 13-1210). (Dkt No 13-97 10-90 04-36 01-92 99-200 07-243 95-116 ). WCB . TXT
- Released: 06/24/2013. WIRELINE COMPETITION BUREAU ANNOUNCES COMMENT CYCLE FOR NPRM AND NOI ON DIRECT ACCESS TO TELEPHONE NUMBERS. (DA No. 13-1430). (Dkt No 13-97 10-90 04-36 01-92 99-200 07-243 95-116 ). Comments Due: 07/19/2013. Reply Comments Due: 08/19/2013. WCB . TXT
- NUMBERING POLICIES FOR MODERN COMMUNICATIONS, IP-ENABLED SERVICES, TELEPHONE NUMBER REQUIREMENTS FOR IP-ENABLED SERVICE PROVIDERS, TELEPHONE NUMBER PORTABILITY, ET AL. Addressed proposals to participate in a limited technical trial for certain interconnected VoIP providers to obtain direct access to telephone numbers for their customers. (Dkt No. 13-97 10-90 04-36 01-92 99-200 07-243 95-116 ). Action by: Chief, Wireline Competition Bureau. Adopted: 06/17/2013 by ORDER. (DA No. 13-1397). WCB TXT
- Numbering Policies for Modern Communications; IP-Enabled Services; Telephone Number Requirements for IP-Enabled Services Providers; Telephone Number Portability; Developing a Unified Intercarrier Compensation Regime; Connect America Fund; Numbering Resource Optimization; Petition of Vonage Holdings Corp. for Limited Waiver of Section 52.15(f)(2)(i) of the Commission’s Rules Regarding Access to Numbering Resources, WC Docket Nos. 13-97, 04-36, 07-243, 10-90, CC Docket Nos. 95-116, 01-92, Order, 28 FCC Rcd 8889, para. 1 (WCB 2013) (VoIP Trials Order).
- Numbering Policies for Modern Communications et al., WC Docket No. 13-97 et al., Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, Order, and Notice of Inquiry, 28 FCC Rcd 5842 (2013)
- NUMBERING POLICIES FOR MODERN COMMUNICATIONS, IP-ENABLED SERVICES, TELEPHONE NUMBER REQUIREMENTS FOR IP-ENABLED SERVICE PROVIDERS, TELEPHONE NUMBER PORTABILITY, DEVELOPING A UNIFIED INTERCARRIER COMPENSATION REGIME ET AL. FCC Proposes To Unleash Consumer Benefits of Online Voice Services by Providing Direct Access to Numbers. (Dkt No. 13-97 10-90 04-36 01-92 99-200 07-243 95-116 ). Action by: the Commission. Adopted: 04/18/2013 by NPRM. (FCC No. 13-51). WCB TXT TXT TXT TXT TXT
- Today, providers of interconnected Voice over Internet Protocol services – a popular type of VoIP service which can place calls to and receive calls from the traditional phone network as well as over the Internet – must obtain numbers through traditional telephone companies acting as a middleman. This can raise costs and slow introduction of innovative services, such as high-definition voice.
To determine whether a more streamlined approach is appropriate in the Internet era, the FCC is seeking comment on whether interconnected VoIP providers should have direct access to numbers. In addition, the FCC is seeking comment on easing access for other services that require numbers, such as IP access to emergency services, home security systems, text messaging services, programmable appliances and telematics like hands-free cellular modems in automobiles.
To test a number of technical issues related to the proposals, FCC also launched a limited, six-month trial of direct access to numbers. Vonage and other VoIP providers with pending direct-access waiver petitions at the Commission will be allowed to test direct access for 5% or fewer of the numbers they currently access through intermediaries – phased in over 6 months – and a very limited amount of new numbers. Participants will be required to report monthly on the progress of the trial, and can be required to return the numbers if problems arise. In addition, the FCC granted a limited waiver to TeleCommunication Systems, Inc., which provides access to E911 services for interconnected VoIP providers.
Looking further ahead, the FCC opened a Notice of Inquiry asking about the long-term relationship of numbers to geographic boundaries. The tie between area codes and geographic regions has been weakened by number portability, especially as mobile subscribers move away from the area where they obtained the service but continue using the number. The Inquiry seeks general comment on these trends and whether changes in Commission policies are appropriate.
- FCC PROPOSES TO UNLEASH CONSUMER BENEFITS OF ONLINE VOICE SERVICES BY PROVIDING DIRECT ACCESS TO NUMBERS. Working to speed innovation and competition in communications services, the Federal Communications Commission proposed to streamline access to telephone numbers for innovative online providers of phone service. News Release. (Dkt No 13-97 ). Adopted: 04/18/2013.
DOC | DOC | DOC | DOC | DOC | PDF | PDF | PDF | PDF | PDF | TXT | TXT | TXT | TXT | TXT |
- Public Notice: December 27, 2011 Wireline Competition Bureau Seeks to Refresh Record on Petitions for Waiver of Commission's Rules Regarding Access to Numbering Resources Pleading Cycle Established CC Docket No. 99-200 Comments Due: January 11, 2012
- FCC Extends Deadline to January 25
- NUMBERING RESOURCE OPTIMIZATION. Granted in part and denied in part the motion for extension of time filed by the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners. (Dkt No. 99-200 ). Action by: Chief, Wireline Competition Bureau. Comments Due: 01/25/2012. Adopted: 01/09/2012 by ORDER. (DA No. 12-26). WCB TXT
- As part of this record, earlier this year, Vonage Holdings Corporation (Vonage) renewed its request for a waiver and filed supplemental materials in support of its petition.2 Vonage asserts that direct access to numbering resources will promote the deployment of new and innovative services, lead to lower consumer prices for VoIP service, improve the quality of Vonage’s services, and promote the Commission’s goal of moving toward an all IP network.
- Letter from Brita D. Strandberg, Counsel to Vonage Holdings Corp., to Marlene H. Dortch, Secretary, FCC, CC Docket No. 99-200 (filed Mar. 8, 2011), renewing Vonage’s March 4, 2005 request for a waiver
Petitions for Waivers
After the FCC's order granting SBC's numbering petition, the FCC received a number of additional petitions from VoIP service providers requesting similar waivers. Docket 99-200
- Released: 05/04/2005. WIRELINE COMPETITION BUREAU SEEKS COMMENT ON QWEST COMMUNICATIONS CORPORATION PETITION FOR LIMITED WAIVER OF SECTION 52.15(G)(2)(I) OF THE COMMISSION'S RULES REGARDING ACCESS TO NUMBERING RESOURCES. (DA No. 05-1288). (Dkt No 99-200) Pleading Cycle Established. Comments Due: 06/04/2005. Reply Comments Due: 06/20/2005. WCB. , FCC 5/6/2005
- Corecomm-Voyager, Inc. Petition for Limited Waiver Filed April 22, 2005 PDF
- Vonage Petition for Limited Waiver Filed March 4, 2005 PDF
- Vonage Holdings Corporation (“Vonage”), respectfully requests that the Federal Communications Commission (“Commission”) grant it a limited waiver of Section 52.15(g)(2)(i) of the Commission’s rules, 47 C.F.R. § 52.15(g)(2)(i), to allow Vonage to obtain numbering resources directly from the North American Numbering Plan Administrator (“NANPA”) and/or the Pooling Administrator (“PA”) in a manner comparable to the waiver granted to SBC Internet Services, Inc. (“SBC-IS”).1 Vonage intends to use these numbering resources to deploy IPenabled services, including Voice over Internet Protocol (“VoIP”) services, on a commercial basis to residential and business customers.
- "Between February 2005 and August 2006, the following entities filed petitions for waiver of section 52.15(g)(2)(ii): Constant Touch Communications;CoreComm-Voyager, Inc.; Dialpad Communications, Inc.; Frontier Communications of America, Inc.; Net2Phone Inc.; Nuvio Corporation; Qwest Communications Corporation; UniPoint Enhanced Services d/b/a PointOne; RNK Inc.; VoEX, Inc.; Vonage Holdings Corporation; and WilTel Communications, LLC. More recently the following entities have filed petitions for waiver of section 52.15(g)(2)(ii): SmartEdgeNet, LLC; Millicorp, LLC; and Bandwidth.com, Inc."
- Dialpad Petition for Limited Waiver Filed March 1, 2005 PD
- Administration of the North American Numbering Plan, CC Docket No. 99-200, Order, 20 FCC Rcd 2957 (2005)
- SBC IP Communications, Inc. Petition for Limited Waiver of Section 52.15(g)(2)(i) of the Commission’s Rules Regarding Access to Numbering Resources, CC Docket No. 99-200, at 2–3 (filed July 7, 2004)
- CC Docket No. 99-200 SBC IP Petition for Waiver Comment due Aug 16, 2004 Reply due August 31
- " In this order, we grant SBC Internet Services, Inc. (SBCIS) a waiver of section 52.15(g)(2)(i) of the Commission’s rules. Specifically, subject to the conditions set forth in this order, we grant SBCIS permission to obtain numbering resources directly from the North American Numbering Plan Administrator (NANPA) and/or the Pooling Administrator (PA) for use in deploying IP-enabled services, including Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) services, on a commercial basis to residential and business customers. We also request the North American Numbering Council (NANC) to review whether and how our numbering rules should be modified to allow IP-enabled service providers access to numbering resources in a manner consistent with our numbering optimization policies. The waiver will be in effect until the Commission adopts final numbering rules for IP-enabled services." -- ADMINISTRATION OF THE NORTH AMERICAN NUMBERING PLAN. Granted SBC Internet Services, Inc. a waiver of section 52.15(g)(2)(i) of the Commission's rules. (Dkt No. 99-200). Action by: the Commission. Adopted: 01/28/2005 by ORDER. (FCC No. 05-20). WCB, FCC 2/1/2005 POC: Sanford Williams, Telecommunications Access Policy Division, Wireline Competition Bureau at 7400, TTY 0484.
- Public Notice
- See Numbering Info
PSTN Transition :: Dkt 13-97
- IETF MODERN working group "The MODERN working group will define a set of Internet-based mechanisms for the purposes of managing the acquisition and resolution of telephone numbers (TNs) in an IP environment. Devices, applications, and network tools increasingly need to request and acquire TN delegations from authorities. The output of the working group should make distribution, acquisition, and management of TNs simpler for all entities involved."
- Released: 02/28/2014. FCC CHIEF TECHNOLOGIST TO HOST NUMBERING TESTBED WORKSHOP. (DA No. 14-290). (Dkt No 13-97 ). OSP . DA-14-290A1.docx DA-14-290A1.pdf DA-14-290A1.txt
- AT&T Petition to Launch a Proceeding Concerning the TDM-to-IP Transition; Connect America Fund; Structure and Practices of the Video Relay Service Program; Telecommunications Relay Services And Speech-to-Speech Services for Individuals with Hearing and Speech Disabilities; Numbering Policies for Modern Communications, GN Docket Nos. 13-5, 12-353, WC Docket Nos. 10-90, 13-97, CG Docket Nos. 10-51, 03-123, Order, Report and Order and Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, Report and Order, Order and Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, Proposal for Ongoing Data Initiative, FCC 14-5 (rel. Jan. 31, 2014).
- Technology Transitions Policy Task Force Seeks Comment on Potential Trials, Docket No. 13-5, Public Notice, 28 FCC Rcd 6346, 6348 (2013) (“We also seek comment on whether there are other trials we should consider, such as additional numbering trials, trials to facilitate better access for persons with disabilities, and whether there are additional trials concerning the TDM to IP or copper to fiber transitions that we should evaluate
AT&T Petition to Launch a Proceeding Concerning the TDM-to-IP Transition; Connect America Fund; Structure and Practices of the Video Relay Service Program; Telecommunications Relay Services And Speech-to-Speech Services for Individuals with Hearing and Speech Disabilities; Numbering Policies for Modern Communications, GN Docket Nos. 13-5, 12-353, WC Docket Nos. 10-90, 13-97, CG Docket Nos. 10-51, 03-123, Order, Report and Order and Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, Report and Order, Order and Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, Proposal for Ongoing Data Initiative, FCC 14-5, para 201 (rel. Jan. 31, 2014).
- Truth in Caller ID Act of 2009, Pub. L. No. 111-331, codified at 47 U.S.C. §§ 227(e), 503, 503(b)(2)(E).
- HR 251 Truth in Caller ID Act of 2007 To amend the Communications Act of 1934 to prohibit manipulation of caller identification information, and for other purposes.
- CRS Summary: Truth in Caller ID Act of 2009 - Amends the Communications Act of 1934 to make it unlawful for any person in the United States, in connection with any telecommunications service or Internet protocol (IP)-enabled voice service, to cause any caller identification (ID) service to transmit misleading or inaccurate caller ID information with the intent to defraud, cause harm, or wrongfully obtain anything of value, unless such transmission is exempted in connection with:
- (1) authorized activities of law enforcement agencies; or
- (2) a court order specifically authorizing the use of caller ID manipulation.
- Prohibits anything in this Act from being construed as preventing or restricting any person from blocking any caller identification service.
- Requires a related report by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to Congress. Provides civil and criminal penalties for violations.
- Allows enforcement by states (with authorized intervention by the FCC). Declares that this Act does not prohibit any lawfully authorized investigative, protective, or intelligence activity of a law enforcement agency of the United States, a state, or a state's political subdivision, or of a U.S. intelligence agency.
- Rules and Regulations Implementing the Truth in Caller ID Act of 2009, WC Docket No. 11-39, Report and Order, 26 FCC Rcd 9114 (2011)
- Fed Reg Notice
- FCC Caller ID and Spoofing
- Federal Communications Commission DA 11-1089 FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION CHAIRMAN JULIUS GENACHOWSKI CALLER IDENTIFICATION INFORMATION IN SUCCESSOR OR REPLACEMENT TECHNOLOGIES Submitted Pursuant to Public Law No. 111-331 June 22, 2011 Report
- See also Cybertelecom :: DNS :: Truth in Domain Names Act
North American Numbering Council
- NENA VoIP Agreement, NENA 3/18/2004
- What's in a number? (telephony numbering exhaustion issue), CNET 1/27/03
- Web Calling Roils the Telecom World, NYT 12/16/02
- VOIP UNDER ATTACK (LECs claims that IPT leads to number exhaustion) Pulver 11/15/02
- VoIP Numbering Issues prepared by Bell South, Qwest and Verizon
- ATIS Industry Numbering Committee
- North American Numbering Plan Administration
- North American Numbering Council
- North American Numbering Council Chair | Reports
- Vonage Presentation Jan 22, 2003
2/1/05 Administration of the North American Numbering Plan. Order: Word | Acrobat
Abernathy Statement: Word | Acrobat
Copps Statement: Word | Acrobat
Adelstein Statement: Word | Acrobat
- Symposium on The Future of Numbering Federal Communications Commission - 11/4/04
- Technology Advisory Council, Presentation to the Federal Communications Commission, Sept. 24, 2012,
Order instituting investigation on the Commission's own motion to determine the extent to which the public utility telephone service known as Voice over Internet Protocol should be exempted from regulatory requirements, CA PUC February 11, 2004
Impact of VoIP on Numbering Resources: Federal and state regulators have been successful in slowing the explosive growth of new area codes. Each new area code places additional costs on businesses, adds complexity to the lives of residential consumers, and is inconvenient for all telephone customers. Under Federal Communications Commission (FCC) leadership, California has developed an effective set of rules that ensure that telecommunications providers receive the number they need and makes telecommunications providers efficiently utilize the number they have. VoIP providers currently utilize telephone numbers, but under FCC rules, they do not currently have to comply with protocols under the NANP, thereby potentially undercutting the concerted effort of regulators and carriers subject to the plan to manage scarce numbering resources.
In many ways, the issues presented by VoIP mirror those once presented by wireless providers. Wireless providers, like VoIP providers, offer nationwide service that is portable to the subscriber. Wireless providers, however, register with the California Public Utilities Commission, contribute to state (and federal) universal service programs, pay access charges for interconnection with the PSTN, are required to provide E911 service, and must comply with NANP protocols.
U-14073 - Commission's Own Motion (investigation of VOIP) - (MI PUC 3/16/2004 ) HTML | PDF
In order to formulate an informed, consistent regulatory policy, the Commission would like to obtain information about VOIP activity in Michigan . The Commission, therefore, requests comments on VOIP activity in Michigan on the following topics that may be affected by both state and federal law:
. . .
c. Information regarding the effect of VOIP on telephone numbering resources, including non-licensed VOIP providers' access to numbering resources through licensed telecommunication carriers and VOIP end users' ability to port their current landline or wireless telephone number to their VOIP equipment.
- Australian Communications and Media Authority, Telephone Numbers - Future Directions (Nov. 2011)
- ATIS: Industry Numbering Committee
- INC NPA Allocation Plan and Assignment Guidelines
- North American Numbering Plan Administration
- National Numbering Pool Administrator
- Number Portability Administration Center
- FCC FACA North American Numbering Council
- Future of Numbering WG
- Dec13 FoN Report
- Customers Lose VoIP Numbers to Slamming - Vonage, Packet8 customers are not pleased, dslreports 3/5/2008
- FCC lets SBC dial direct to get Net phone numbers, CNET 2/1/2005