Federal Internet Law & Policy
An Educational Project

Accessibility: Sec. 504 of the Rehabilitation Act

Dont be a FOOL; The Law is Not DIY
- Accessibility
- Sec 504
- Sec 508
- FCC Sec 255
- Education
- Assistive Tech Act 
- Accessible Design
- Accessibility Law Chart

Derived From: Protecting Students With Disabilities Frequently Asked Questions About Section 504 and the Education of Children with Disabilities, Office of Civil Rights, Dept of Ed

Section 504 is a federal law designed to protect the rights of individuals with disabilities in programs and activities that receive federal funds from the U.S. Department of Education (ED). Section 504 provides: "No otherwise qualified individual with a disability in the United States . . . shall solely by reason of her or his disability, be excluded from the participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance . . . ."

The Office of Civil Rights at the Dept of Ed enforces Section 504 in programs and activities that receive funds from ED. Recipients of these funds include public school districts, institutions of higher education, and other state and local education agencies. The regulation implementing Section 504 in the context of educational institutions appears at 34 C.F.R. Part 104.

The Section 504 regulation requires a school district to provide a "free appropriate public education" (FAPE) to each qualified student with a disability who is in the school district's jurisdiction, regardless of the nature or severity of the disability. FAPE consists of the provision of regular or special education and related aids and services designed to meet the student's individual needs.


Assistive Technology Act of 1998, PL 105-394

Executive Orders & Other Federal Actions

  • Requiring Federal Agencies To Establish Procedures To Facilitate The Provision of Reasonable Accommodation (Executive Order 13164, July 26, 2000)
  • EEOC Policy Guidance On Executive Order 13164: Establishing Procedures To Facilitate The Provision Of Reasonable Accommodation (October 20, 2000)
  • Information Technology and People with Disabilities: The Current State of Federal Accessibility -- Presented by the Attorney General to the President, April 2000
  • EEOC Procedures for Providing Reasonable Accommodation for Individuals With Disabilities (February 9, 2001)
  • People with disabilities and the National Information Infrastructure (NII) September 7, 1994