US Government Activity
- Assistant Secretary Michael D. Gallagher spoke on "VoIP: The Catalyst for Universal, Affordable Broadband Access by 2007" at the Voice on the Net 2005 Spring Conference., NTIA 3/11/2005
- Commissioner Abernathy"VOIP: The Opportunities and Challenges Ahead" The Quello Center Telecommunication Management and Law Michigan State University 2/19/04 WORD
- Released: 09/09/2003. TUTORIAL ON TECHNICAL CHALLENGES ASSOCIATED WITH THE EVOLUTION TO VOIP ON SEPTEMBER 22, 2003. (DA No. 03-2860). OET., FCC 9/11/03
- TECHNOLOGICAL ADVISORY COUNCIL ("TAC") TO HOLD MEETING, MONDAY, OCTOBER 20, 2003. (DA No. 03-3102). OET. FCC 10/9/03
- FCC NRIC Report on VoIP Interoperability due Dec 2003. Sept 2003 NRIC Presentation.
- Feb 12 2003 NTIA VoIP Roundtable
- Telecommunications: Federal and State Universal Service Programs and Challenges to Funding GAO-02-187 February 11 2002, GAO 2/13/02
- The Nascent Services Doctrine Remarks of FCC Commissioner Kathleen Q. Abernathy Before the Federal Communications Bar Association New York Chapter New York, NY - July 11, 2002
- FCC OET Tutorial on VoIP, FCC 6/15/01
- The 106th Congress had two proposals that addressed Internet telephony. Rep. Upton's H.R.1291 Internet Access Charge Prohibition Act of 1999 would have affirmatively not prohibited the imposition of access charges on Internet telephony (while prohibiting the imposition of access charges on the rest of the Internet). Rep. Markey's HR 4769 Internet Telephony Access Charge Prohibition Act of 2000 was a response to Upton's legislation, prohibiting the imposition of access changes on Internet telephony. Neither Bill became law.
- FCC CHAIRMAN WILLIAM E. KENNARD'S REMARKS BEFORE THE VOICE OVER NET CONFERENCE, "INTERNET TELEPHONY: AMERICA IS WAITING," SEPT. 12, ATLANTA, GA.
- Rep Tauzin, No Internet Tax
- Rep Boucher Assures Ninth District Residents that No Legislation is Pending to Charge Long Distance Fees for Internet Access.US Dept. of Commerce
- NTIA Internet Telephony Forum Sept 1997
- Rules and Policies on Foreign Participants in the U.S. Telecommunications Market, Report and Order and Order on Reconsideration, 12 FCC Rcd. 23891, ¶ 16 (1997) (new technologies such as "Internet telephony are already putting significant pressure on international settlement rates and domestic collection rates")
- NIST Advanced Network Technologies Division VoIP "To facilitate the development of improved VoIP transport mechanisms and expedite the development of new, programmable telephony signaling services in devices ranging from wireless handhelds to carrier class soft switches."
- NIST IP Telephony Project " To facilitate the development of improved VoIP transport mechanisms and expedite the development of programmable telephony services."
- How Internet Protocol-Enabled Services are Changing the Face of Communications: A Look at the Voice Marketplace Hearing by the Subcommittee on Telecommunications and the Internet Wednesday, March 16, 2005 10:00 AM 2123 Rayburn House Office Building, House Commerce 3/15/2005
- How Internet Protocol-Enabled Services are Changing the Face of Communications: A View from Technology Companies. Subcommittee on Telecommunications and the Internet February 9, 2005 2123 Rayburn House Office Building 09:30 AM
- House Judiciary Committee July 23, 2004 Oversight hearing on Regulatory Aspects of Voice Over the Internet Protocol (VoIP) Witness List, Robert Pepper, John Langhauser, Stephen Cordi, James Kirkland
- House Commerce Committee Voice Over Internet Protocol Services: Will the Technology Disrupt the Industry or Will Regulation Disrupt the Technology? Subcommittee on Telecommunications and the Internet July 7, 2004
- Senate Commerce Committee, The VOIP Regulatory Freedom Act, S. 2281 Full Committee Hearing Wednesday, June 16 2004 - 9:30 AM - SR - 253
- WRITTEN STATEMENT OF MICHAEL K. POWELL, CHAIRMAN, FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION ON VOICE OVER INTERNET PROTOCOL (VOIP). Before the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, United States Senate, Tuesday, February 24, 2004, 9:30 a.m. by Statement. OCH, FCC 2/26/2004
- Senate Commerce Committee Hearing on VoIP Feb 24, 2004
- Senate Commerce Committee Hearing on VOIP APPA
FCC Solution Summits
- FCC Announces Agenda and Featured Panelists for July 30, 2004 Global Roundtable Discussion on Internet-Protocol Based Services., fcc 7/23/2004
- FCC Internet Policy Working Group to Hold Second Solutions Summit on Friday, May 7, 2004., FCC 3/11/2004
- FCC 911 solution Summit March 28, 2004 real audio | Powerpoint Presentation of Prof. Henning Schulzrinne, Department of Computer Science, Columbia University, New York.
- May 7, 2004 Solution Summit on Disability Access Issues
- FCC VoIP Forum Dec 1, 2003
- FCC to form working group on VoIP regulation, CNET 12/2/2003
- VoIP providers: Lay off the regulation, InfoWorld 12/2/2003
- VON Coalition and Diverse Industry Leaders Call on FCC For Regulatory Restraint, TMC 12/2/2003
- FCC Signals Major Shift on VoIP, Internet News 12/2/2003
- U.S. Considers VoIP Regulation, Newsfactor 12/2/2003
- FBI Seeks Wiretap Capabilities for Phone Calls Made Over the .., LA Times 12/2/2003
- Regulators eye Internet phone calling, CBS 12/2/2003
- US regulators cautious on internet telephony rules, Financial Times 12/2/2003
- FCC Looks at Internet Telephone Service, Wash Post 12/2/2003
- Powell Opposes Net Phone Reg, Wash Post 12/2/2003
- Whither VoIP, USA Today 12/2/2003
- OPENING REMARKS OF FCC CHAIRMAN MICHAEL K. POWELL AT THE FCC FORUM ON VOICE OVER INTERNET PROTOCOL (VOIP), DECEMBER 1, 2003, WASHINGTON, D.C. News Release OCH, FCC 12/2/2003
- OPENING REMARKS OF COMMISSIONER MICHAEL J. COPPS VOICE OVER INTERNET PROTOCOL FORUM. News Release. News Media Contact: Jessica Rosenworcel at 2000 CMMR, FCC 12/2/2003
- STATEMENT OF COMMISSIONER JONATHAN S. ADELSTEIN VOICE OVER IP FORUM. News Release. News Media Contact: Johanna Mikes Shelton (2300) CMMR, FCC 12/2/2003
- INTERNET PHONE RIVALS AGAINST FEDS, FOR NOW, NYPost 11/25/2003
- FCC ANNOUNCES AGENDA FOR THE VOICE OVER IP FORUM, WiFi Tech 11/25/2003
- FCC Announces Agenda for the Voice Over IP Forum to be Held on December 1, 2003., FCC 11/25/2003
- FCC to begin VoIP inquiry, CNET 11/7/2003
- FCC to begin Internet telephony proceedings, Lightwave 11/7/2003
- FCC Expects VOIP Rules in 2004, eweek 11/7/2003
- FCC to mull regulations for Net calls, MSNBC 11/7/2003
- FCC to Begin Internet Telephony Proceedings, FCC 11/7/2003
- Chm. Powell Letter to Senator Wyden, FCC 11/5/2003
- FCC hears from communications industry on VoIP, CNET 10/31/2003
- Empowering Consumers to Prevent and Detect Billing for Unauthorized Charges (“Cramming”); Consumer Information and Disclosure; Truth-in-Billing and Billing Format, CG Docket Nos. 11-116, 09-158, CC Docket No. 98-170, Report and Order and Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, 27 FCC Rcd 4436, 4485-89, paras. 136-149 (2012) (seeking comment on whether the Commission should adopt rules to prevent and detect the placement of unauthorized charges on VoIP telephone bills, an unlawful and fraudulent practice commonly known as “cramming”)
- Released: 09/20/2011. PLEADING CYCLE ESTABLISHED FOR COMMENTS ON VAYA TELECOM PETITION FOR DECLARATORY RULING REGARDING LEC-TO-LEC VOIP TRAFFIC EXCHANGES. (DA No. 11-1561). (Dkt No 01-92 ). Comments Due: 10/06/2011. WCB TXT
- FCC Request for Information from Google about Google Voice
GOOGLE, INC. Requested information from Google about Google Voice. Action by: Chief, Wireline Competition Bureau by LETTER. (DA No. 09-2210). WCB TXT
- Our response to the FCC on Google Voice, Google 10/29/2009
- AT&T Presses FCC To Crack Down on Google Voice, Wash Post 10/15/2009
- AT&T to FCC: Rules must apply to Google too, CNET 10/15/2009
- AT&T: Google Is The Enemy Of Nuns - Wait, what?, dslreports 10/15/2009
- AT&T Attacks Google Voice Again - This Time With Nuns, Gigaom 10/15/2009
- Google Shakes Up The Phone System, CommLawBlog 10/15/2009
- AT&T's Ridiculous Argument Against Google Voice, Techdirt 10/15/2009
- Sex, conference calls, and outdated FCC rules, Google 10/13/2009
- FCC Investigating Google Voice, Gigaom 10/13/2009
- Public Knowledge Statement on FCC Inquiry into Google Voice, PK 10/13/2009
- Excise Taxes; Communications Services: IRS
Section 4251 imposes tax on amounts paid for certain communications services, including local and toll telephone service. Section 4252(a) provides that local telephone service means the access to a local telephone system, and the privilege of telephonic quality communication with substantially all persons having telephone or radio telephone stations constituting a part of such local telephone system. Section 4252(b)(1) provides that toll telephone service includes a telephonic quality communication for which there is a toll charge that varies in amount with the distance and elapsed transmission time of each individual communication. Section 4252(b)(2) provides that toll telephone service also includes a service that entitles the subscriber, upon payment of a periodic charge (determined as a flat amount or upon the basis of total elapsed transmission time), to the privilege of an unlimited number of telephonic communications to or from all or a substantial portion of the persons having telephone or radio telephone stations in a specified area which is outside the local telephone system area in which the station provided with this service is located.
A tax on communications services has existed for over 100 years. The communications services that currently are subject to the tax are defined in section 4252, which was enacted in its current form in 1965. That section describes the local and long distance telephone service sold under the 1965 Federal Communications Commission rules. Existing Treasury regulations do not reflect the 1965 statutory change.
Sections 4252(a) and (b) define local and toll telephone service in terms of telephonic or telephonic quality communication, which means voice quality communication. Since 1965, numerous communications services have been developed and marketed, the methods of transmission have expanded, and the industry has been deregulated.
As a result of these changes, questions have arisen concerning the application of section 4251 to certain communications services that were not available in 1965. In response to these questions, Treasury and the IRS are considering proposing regulations that would revise the
existing regulations to reflect changes in technology.
The test for taxability under section 4251 is whether a service for which an amount is paid is a communications service described in section 4252. The purpose of this ANPRM is to solicit information from the public on how present technology should be treated within the description of telephonic or telephonic quality communication in the definitions of local and toll telephone service under section 4252.
To ensure that any new regulations accurately reflect the state of today's communications services industry, Treasury and the IRS request that communications services providers and other interested parties submit comments and suggestions describing the various technologies, services, and methods of transmission currently available for transmitting data and voice communications and how they should be treated under section 4251
- REG-137076-02 Comments Due Sept 30, 2004
Send submissions to: CC:PA:LPD:PR (REG-137076-02)
Fed Reg Notice 7/2/4
- Rep. Chris Cox warns IRS not to tax Net phone calls, Politech 7/23/2004
- IRS eyes Net phone taxes, CNET 7/7/2004
- SBC VoIP fee furor draws eyes to BellSouth program, Topix 11/30/2004
- SBC, FCC Joust Over VoIP Tariff, InternetNews 11/30/2004
- SBC Sec. 10 IP Platform Services Petition
In this Order we address a petition filed by SBC Communications Inc. (SBC) requesting that the Commission forbear from the application of “Title II common carrier regulations” as contained in the Communications Act of 1934, as amended (the Act), to “IP Platform Services.” For the reasons set forth below, we deny SBC’s petition. We find that the petition is procedurally defective because it asks us to forbear from the application of statutory provisions and regulations that “may or may not” apply to the telecommunications carrier or telecommunications service at issue. In addition, the evidence and arguments set out in SBC’s petition and subsequent pleadings are insufficiently specific to permit a finding that forbearance is appropriate
WC DOCKET NO. 04-29
February 12, 2004 Comments Due: May 12, 2004
Reply Due: June 11, 2004
- 05/05/2005 FCC Denies SBC Petition for Forbearance from Title II for IP Platform Services. WC Docket No. 04-29. Memorandum Opinion and Order: Word | Acrobat Martin Statement: Word | Acrobat Abernathy Statement: Word | Acroba
- PETITION OF SBC COMMUNICATIONS INC. FOR FORBEARANCE FROM THE APPLICATION OF TITLE II COMMON CARRIER REGULATION TO IP PLATFORM SERVICES. Issued Erratum correcting Memorandum Opinion and Order, FCC 05-95, released May 5, 2005. (Dkt No. 04-29). Action by: Acting Chief, Competition Policy Division, Wireline Competition Bureau by ERRATUM. WCB, FCC 5/10/2005
- PETITION OF SBC COMMUNICATIONS INC. FOR FORBEARANCE FROM THE APPLICATION OF TITLE II COMMON CARRIER REGULATION TO IP PLATFORM SERVICES. Denied the Petition for Forbearance of SBC Communications, Inc. (Dkt No. 04-29). Action by: the Commission. Adopted: 05/05/2005 by MO&O. (FCC No. 05-95). WCB, FCC 5/10/2005
- 12/7/04 ORDER:RE: Extension of the Petition of SBC for Forbearance from he Application of Title II Common Carrier Regulation to IP Platform Services. WC Dkt. No. 04-29. DA 04-3844. In this Order, pursuant to section 10(c) of the Communications Act, we extend by 90 days the date by which the petition requesting forbearance filed by SBC shall be deemed granted in the absence of a Commission decision.
Word | Acrobat
- Public Notice. Wireline Competition Bureau Extends Comment Deadlines For SBC’s “IP Platform Services” Forbearance Petition, WC DOCKET NO. 04-29 ( March 30, 2004 )
- FCC rejects SBC petition on new Internet services, Reuters 5/6/2005
- FCC denies SBC's request for price flexibility, CNET 5/6/2005
- FCC Denies SBC Petition for Forbearance from Title II for IP Platform Services., FCC 5/6/2005
- Local Competition and Broadband Reporting, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking in CC Docket No. 99-301 (broadband data gathering - asking questions about IP Telephony). This proceeding developed reporting requirements for telephone competition. Discussing the reporting of local lines, the FCC states "As a result, when evaluating the development of local competition, we believe it is necessary to include the development of IP-telephony service. However, while the proposed survey instructions direct reporting entities to report lines that may be used in connection with IP- telephony service, as discussed below, the survey questions do not identify the use of IP- telephony per se. We seek comment whether we should undertake a more specific determination of the extent to which the internet is being used to provide telephony services and how we should do so. " The Report and Order that closed the proceeding does not seem to reference IP Telephony at all.
- Lyons, Daniel, Technology Convergence and Federalism: The Case of VoIP Regulation (April 19, 2012). University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform, 2012; Boston College Law School Legal Studies Research Paper No. 296.
- Mark C. Del Bianco, Voices Past: The Present and Future of VoIP Regulation, 14 COMMLAW CONSPECTUS 365 (2006)
- Robert Cannon, State Regulatory Approaches to VoIP: Policy, Implementation, and Outcome, 57 FED. COMM. L.J. 479 (May, 2005)
- Voice Over Internet Protocol: Status and Industry Recommendations: Presented as Guidance to the U.S. Department of State: By the Advisory Committee on International Communications and Information Policy, ISOC 5/10/2005
- Internet Telephone Service: A New Era of Competition in Telecommunications, PPI 3/29/2005
- William Jackson, “With VoIP, Digital Department Comes of Age at Commerce” .
- Robert Cannon, State Regulatory Approaches to VoIP: Policy, Implementation, and Outcome, TPRC 10/2/2004
- Douglas Sicker, A Model for Emergency Service of VoIP Through Certification and Labeling, TPRC 10/2/2004
- Voice on the Net Coalition, "Unleashing the Full Promise and Potential of Internet Voice Communication," June 2004. PDF
- NARUC Presentation: Implications of VoIP on Rural Telecom Providers (July04)
- NARUC Presentation: IP Communications for the Public Good Winter 2004
- NARUC Presentation: FCC Treatment of Voice Over IP Winter 2004
- NARUC VOIP Panel Winter 2004
- Press Release: Testimony: Naruc President Stan Wise Testifies On Sununu "Voip" Bill; Calls For Functional Approach And Critical State Role June 16, 2004
- February 2004 - Study on Internet protocol (IP) voice and associated convergent services, EU Info Society 4/6/2004
- CISCO IP Telephony / VoIP Primer
- Analysys, Final Report to European Commission: IP Voice and Associated Convergent Services Jan 28, 2004
- Rick Whitt, A Bit of Noise: VOIP and Rational Reform of Intercarrier Compensation Policies, MCI 1/15/2004
- Balancing Responsibilities and Rights: A Regulatory Model for Facilities-Based VoIP Competition, NCTA 2/18/2004
- NMRC releases report highlighting regulatory imperatives for VoIP telephony services Dec 2003 PDF
- Chérie R. Kiser & Angela F. Collins, Regulation On The Horizon: Are Regulators Poised To Address the Status of IP Telephony?, 11 CommLaw Conspectus 19, 20-21 (2003).
- Sharon Strover, Implementing Voice Over IP Telephony in 2-1-1 Call Centers, Telecommunications and Information Policy Institute, Aug. 2003 PDF
- Regulatory Considerations for Cable-Provided IP Telephony, Mintz Levin March 3, 2003
- COX: Preparing for the Promise of Voice-over Internet Protocol (VoIP) Feb. 2003
- An Approach to International Regulatory Issues of IP Telephony, JSTL 9/6/02
- B. Goode, Voice Over Internet Protocol (VOIP). Proceedings of thee IEEE, VOL. 90, NO. 9, Sept. 2002.
- Internet Telephony Architecture and Federal Access Charge Reform Christopher Libertelli, Associate, Dow, Lohnes, & Albertson, Washington, DC
- Voice over IP: Legal and Regulatory Issues Missouri Research and Education Network July 2002
- GIPI Best Practices Paper, "Voice-over-IP: The Future of Communications April 2002
- Influence of Liberalization of IP Telephony on the Telecommunications Market, Robert Horvitz, GIPI 2002,
- R. Sinden, Comparison of Voice over IP with circuit switching techniques”. Department of electronics and Computer Science, Southampton University, UK, Jan. 2002.
- Dr. Tim Kelley, IP Telephony: Economic Implications and Impacts on PTOs
- Lee McKnight, How to Regulate a Platypus: Internet Telephony Regulation
- Internet Telephony: Costs, Prices, and Policy by L. McKnight, MIT
- Internet Policy and Open Communications Policy by L. McKnight
- The Evolution of International Internet Telephony by Terrence P. McGarty
- National Research Council, The Internet's Coming of Age: Collisions Between Existing Industries and Emerging Internet Industries: Telephony As a Case Study 2001
- P. Mehta and S. Udani, Overview of Voice over IP. Technical Report MS-CIS- 01-31, Department of Computer Information Science, University of Pennsylvania, February 2001.
- IP Telephony to Have a Dramatic Impact on Asian Voice, Data Communications Markets OnTheInternet June 2001
- Elizabeth M Donahue, Directly Competing Policies: The Growth of Internet Telephony and the Future of the Universal Service Fund, 9 Commlaw Conspectus 225 (2001).
- C-N. Chuah, Providing End-to-End QoS for IP based Latency sensitive Applications.”. Technical Report, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of California at Berkeley, 2000.
- The Internet Protocol (IP) and Global Telecommunications Transformation by Terry McGarty. "Presented at the "Creative Destruction: Telecomm in Transition" Conference, Tufts University, Cambridge, MA, March 12, 1999.
- Emir Mohammed, The Growth of Internet Telephony: Legal and Policy Issues, First Monday (1999)
- Before the Federal Communications Commission In the Matter of: The Provision of Interstate and International Interexchange Telecommunications Service via the "Internet" by Non Tariffed, Uncertified Entities. Submitted by Students of the MIT Telecommunications Modeling and Policy Analysis Seminar
- Jonathan Weinberg, The Internet and "Telecommunications Services," Universal Service Mechanisms, Access Charges and Other Flotsam of the Regulatory System (1999)
- Vinodkrishnan Kulathumani, Voice over IP: Products, Services and Issues
- First Monday, The Growth of Internet Telephony: Legal and Policy Issues 1999
- A Taxonomy of Internet Telephony Applications, David Clark, MIT [Abstract] [Paper pdf] TPRC
- McKnight, Lee. "Internet Telephony and Open Communications Policy." (PDF) MIT Press 1998
- MIT ITC2000: Internet Telephony and Beyond MIT Internet Telephony ... (August 1998) pdf
- McKnight, Lee and Brett Leida. "Internet Telephony: Costs, Pricing, and Policy." (PDF) TPRC 1997
- Clark, David. "A Taxonomy of Internet Telephony Applications." TPRC 1997
- England, Christer. "Taxonomy of Internet telephony and multimedia standards." (PDF) 1997.
- Englund, Christer. "Taxonomy table of existing and forthcoming Internet telephony and multimedia Standards." (PDF) ITC 1997
- Gawer, Annabelle. "Complementary Products and Modular Innovation in Internet Telephony." ITC 1997
- Shuster, Marc. "Adoption and Demand of IP Telephony Services." (PDF) ITC 1997.
- Sears, Andrew L. and Kevin Savetz. "FAQs How Do I Use the Internet as a Telephone?" 1996
- Sears, Andrew L. "The Effect of Internet Telephony on the Long Distance Voice Market." ITC working paper, 1996.
- Sears, Andrew L., Phil Mutooni, and Borris Li. "An Analysis of the ACTA Filing to Ban Internet Telephony." Paper and presentation made to "Information Technology Business Strategy and Public Policy," Harvard University, 7 April 1996.
- Sears, Andrew, Phil Mutooni, Rob Cheng, et al. "A Cost Model of Internet Telephony for Regulatory Decision Making." FCC Comment, 1996."
- MIT Internet Telephony Consortium The Goal: Slides June 1996
- Tuan N. Samahon, The First Amendment Case Against FCC IP Telephony Regulation, 51 Fed. Com. L.J. 493 (1993) (pdf).
Papers: Access by Individuals with Disabilities
- Gregg C Vanderheiden Ph.D., Access to Voice over Internet Protocol ("VoIP"), TRACE 2/24/2004
Papers: Benefits: Costs
- MS Windows Embedded Home: VoIP Industry Trends (discussing benefits of VoIP including Reduced Total Cost of Ownership and More Efficient Network Utilization)
- NIST, Security Considerations for VoIP Systems 800-58 p. 13(April 2004)
- "VOIP is also cost effective because all of an organization's electronic traffic (phone and data) is condensed onto one network. Although there is a non-trivial initial startup cost to such an enterprise, significant net savings can result from managing only one network and not needing to sustain a legacy telephony system in an increasingly digital/data centered world. Also, the network administrator’s burden is lessened as they can now focus on a single network. There is no longer a need for several teams to manage a data network and another to mange a voice network. The simplicity of VOIP systems is attractive, one organization / one network; but as we shall see, the integration of security measures into this architecture is very complex."
- VoIP by the numbers: IP telephony can save hard dollars - if you know how to measure them NWFusion 2003
- Wringing Savings From VOIP Getting a pay back from voice-over-IP investments isn't easy, but these users have managed to pull it off. By Barbara DePompa Reimers Computer World Jan 2003
- Study: VoIP costs all over the map, CNET 11/19/2004
- A strong case for Converged Networks Network Magazine India
- Inherent Cost Advantages of VoIP Networks VocalTec July 2002
- GE IT Solutions: IPT and VoIP Benefits 2003
- CASE STUDY Voice over IP - cost benefits and security concerns .Based on a successful implementation by the Australian Universities, sponsored by CSIRO.
- Analyst: VoIP offers more than cost savings By Jim Rendon, News Writer 18 Cot 2002 | SearchNetworking.com
- McKnight, Lee and Brett Leida. "Internet Telephony: Costs, Pricing, and Policy." (PDF) TPRC 1997
- Voice Over IP Technology Guide Immediate Cost Savings Multitech Systems
- The Real Cost of VoIP, Network Mag 7/11/03
- NIST Special Publication 800-58 Security Considerations for Voice Over IP Systems, NIST 1/7/2005
- Performance and Security Analysis of SIP using IPsec, National Institute of Standards and Technology, January, 2004.
- Collaboration Will Investigate Vulnerabilities of Rapidly Growing Internet Phone and Multimedia Systems, NSF 4/7/2006
- Internet Draft: End-to-middle Security in the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP), K. Ono, S. Tachimoto, February 2004, Work in Progress
- Internet Draft: Interactive Connectivity Establishment (ICE): A Methodology for Network Address Translator (NAT) Traversal for Multimedia Session Establishment Protocols, J.Rosenberg, February 2004, Work in Progress
- Internet Draft: A Mechanism to Secure SIP information inserted by Intermediaries, M.Barns, October 2003, Work in Progress
- J. Rosenberg and H. Schulzrinne, SIP Traversal through Residential and Enterprise NATs and Firewalls. Internet Draft, Internet Engineering Task Force, Mar. 2001.
- Hannes Tschofenig, Rainer Falk, Jon Peterson, Douglas Sicker, James Polk, Jeff Hodges, "Using SAML to Protect the Session Initiation Protocol," IEEE Network, pp. 14-18, September 2006
- Douglas C. Sicker, Tom Lookabaugh and Patrick S. Ryan, A Model for Emergency Service of VoIP Through Certification and Labeling, Federal Communications Law Journal, Vol. 58, pp. 146 - 200, 2005.
- Sicker, D.C., Lookabaugh, T., "VoIP Security: Not an Afterthought," ACM Queue Magazine, Vol. 2 No 6, pp. 56-64, 2004.
- Sicker, D., and Stuka, M., "An Evaluation of VoIP Traversal of Firewalls and NATs within an Enterprise Environment," Information Systems Frontiers Journal, V. 6, No. 3, pp. 219-228, 2004.
- CASE STUDY Voice over IP cost benefits and security concerns Based on a successful implementation by the Australian Universities, sponsored by CSIRO.
- J. Halpern, IP Telephony Security in Depth. White Paper, Cysco Systems, 2002.
- A. Conry-Murray, Emerging Technology: Security and Voice over IP Lets Talk. Commweb, Nov. 2002.
- R. Barbieri, D. Bruschi, E Rosti, Voice over IPsec: Analysis and Solutions. Proceedings of the 18th Annual Computer Security Applications Conference, 2002.
- O. Arkin, Why E.T. Cant Phone Home?: Security Risk Factors with IP Telephony based Networks . Sys-Security Group, Nov. 2002.
- Traversing Firewalls and NATs With Voice and Video Over IP: An Examination of the Firewall/NAT Problem, Traversal Methods, and their Pros and Cons . Wainhouse Research, Apr. 2002.
- J. Thalhammer, Security in VoIP-Telephony Systems. Master Thesis, Institute for Applied Information Processing and Communications, Graz U. of Technology,
- M. Marjalaakso, Security Requirements and Constraints of VoIP. Department of Eleectrical Engineering and Telecommunications, Helsinki University of Technology, 2001.
- Anonymous, H.323 and firewalls: The problems and Pitfalls of Getting H.323 safely through firewalls Developer note, Intel Corporation, Apr. 1997.